southern right whale facts

Southern right whales have a smooth, broad back, dark grey or black skin and a white belly patch (in variable size). The first part of their scientific name (the genus) Eubaleana means ”true whale” and the second part (species) refers to where they occur ( japonica means Japan, glacialis means ice and australis means southern). The black tone also trails down the upper half of the skull covering the eyes and dipping towards the very beginning of the flipper area before rising back up and arching across the back. The body is streamlined for low water resistance and is most robust near the center while tapering down towards the head and flukes. – Best PB 2007. Right whales were named by whalers who identified them as the “right” whale to kill on a hunt. The Southern Right Whale inhabits the southern and sub-antarctic oceans except during the winter breeding season. As the name suggest these dolphins can be found living south of the equator in cool temperate waters that are north of the Antarctic waters. Before the Southern Right whales became an endangered species in 1935, they were considered to be the ‘right’ whales to hunt, because of their slow swimming speeds and the fact that their carcasses float. The Southern Right Whale lives in coastal waters and oceans. Right whales feed on zooplankton and other tiny organisms using baleens up to 8 feet long. The body of the Right Whale is very dark in color. Right Whale – Genus Eubalaena Description. They can be found following the oceanic southern band primarily between 30°S and 65°S and can be spotted in locations such as Argentina, Australia, Brazil, the Falkland Islands, Peru, South Africa and Uruguay among other areas south of of equator. Southern right whales live throughout the Southern hemisphere, they are migratory whales, commuting annually between their warmer breeding areas and colder favourite feeding areas. During the southern winter, good numbers arrive there from their sub-Antarctic feeding grounds – to breed in the calm inshore waters. Winsor M.H. Conservation. The southern right whale dolphin (not to be confused with the southern right whale) is a small – mid – sized dolphin that can be found living in the southern hemisphere north of the Antarctic ocean.. As with the northern right whale dolphin these marine mammals do not possess a dorsal fin and have a white/black two-tone pattern.. The other two is known as the north Atlantic right whale and the north pacific right whale. Best P.B. Southern Rights are so named because they were seen as the “right whales” to hunt in the past due to their slow movements and inability to dive for long periods of time. Southern Right Whale The Southern Right Whales are one of the three Right Whale species in the Eubalaena genus. The flippers are pointed and small and the flukes are fairly narrow and short as well. If you are standing at one of the view points on #Chappies and see a whale spouting, you may need a few interesting facts whales - in particular, about the Southern Right Whale: An Adult Southern Right Whale can weigh up to 40 tones. Scientific name Eubalaena australis from eu (Greek for right), balaena (Latin for whale) and australis (Latin for southern). This Baleen Whale species can be easily distinguished by the presence of the callosities on their heads. Newborn: length 4.5-6 m Adult: length 11-18 m. Fluke of Southern Right whale. Southern Rights can grow to around 15 meters (49 feet) in length and can weigh over 47 tonnes, with the largest of the species being recorded at 18 meters (59 feet) and 80 tonnes, aging almost 100 years! Interestingly their behavior can also vary from one dolphin to another with some dolphins appearing more playful and outgoing than others. They may be dark gray or dark black. When fully grown the southern right whale dolphin measures in at around 5 1/2 – 10 ft. long and weighs between 130 – 250 lbs with females growing slightly larger than their male counterparts. MAMMAL FACTS Description The Southern Right Whale is mostly black and may have white belly patches. on November 26, 2020. – Mate B.R. The Female whales generally breed once every three years and bear calves that are about 5.5 m … Habitat. They are most easily recognised by the callosities (sometimes mistaken for … May 27, 2020 - Southern right whale, one of the three species classified as right whales, is a baleen whale. There is no denying the sheer size of the Right Whale. Instead they skim feed at the surface, using their 400-540 baleen plates as a sieve. Right Whale Description. – Smithers’ Mammals of Southern Africa a field Guide by Peter Apps Struik Nature edition 2012 They have callous like patches on the head and the back. With more than 15,000 individuals, the southern right whale has recovered relatively well since the International Whaling Commission banned the practice of hunting whales. In terms of color the upper body is dark grey to black and the sides and under body are white. The Southern Right whale seldom ventures further than about 55° South, it is found in a belt around the pole from about 20 ° South to 55° South. 2011 Acoustic behaviour of southern right whales in relation to numbers of whales present in Walker Bay, South Africa African Journal of Marine Science v.33 p.415-427 Many dolphin species are well known for using echolocation as away to identify other hunting partners and coordinate attacks, however information regarding the southern right whale dolphins hunting methods remains fairly limited. There is an impressive population that comes from the sub-Antarctic feeding grounds and they come to breed in the calm waters at the shores. Under the Endangered Species Act, NOAA Fisheries must list threatened and endangered marine species regardless of where they are found. Just 20 nautical mile (37klms) from the Bremer Bay Boat Harbour is the … Bremer Bay Killer Whales Facts Read More » They are slow breeders, which is why we know populations take a long time to recover from Southern Right Whales’ testicles are the largest in the world, weighing up to 500kg each. 269: 289–295, – Jefferson T. Webber M. Pitman R. 2007 Marine mammals of the world: A comprehensive guide to their identification 1st edition This species is easily distinguished from others because of their broad back without a dorsal fin, wide pectoral fins, a long arching mouth that begins above the eye and small rough patches of … They don’t have a … The Southern right whale, one of the three species classified as right whales, is a baleen whale.These whales are spread throughout the southern part of the Southern Hemisphere.. See the fact file below for more information on the Southern right whale or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Southern Right Whale worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. To top of page. Southern Right Whales are slow moving whales (0.4-3.6 km/h with a max of 15km/h), but can frequently be seen tail and flipper slapping. SHARE. This is mostly due to the benefits of calm, warm waters where they both can conserve energy. Fun Facts for Kids. During long dives southern right whale dolphins have been observed remaining underwater for period of up to 6.5 minutes and diving to depths of up to 200 meters. The entire world population of southern right whales only numbers several thousand. This equates to a combined weight of 10 Adult African Elephants. https://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/.../southern-right-whale Learn Right whale facts for kids. The southern right whale is one of four species, or types, of right whales. [68] These marine mammals tend to prefer deep offshore waters where they can dive to depths of 200 meters or more in locations that are between 8 – 20 degrees celsius. Why do southern Right Whale cows and calves swim so close to the beach? The bones in their pectoral fins are the same as those in our own fingers, a remnant of their evolution from land mammals. The southern right whale (Eubalaena australis) is a baleen whale, one of three species classified as right whales belonging to the genus Eubalaena. 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