federalism in the philippines debate

Is the Philippine ready for a federal form of government? And closer to home, in Indonesia, though not federal but highly decentralized, they have what they call Bhinekka Tungal Ika (Unity in Diversity.). Generoso said ConCom knew from the beginning that its mandate was just up to the crafting of a draft constitution. Federalism Debate – The Manila Times Ball in the hands of Congress REINTEGRATION and empowerment of local government units are the “buzzwords” of the proponents of federalism in convincing Congress to pass a measure amending the 1987 Constitution to shift to a … There will be four Supreme Courts, Puno said. In a survey conducted by Pulse Asia, in March 2018, 66 percent of the respondents said they did not want charter change to shift to federalism. This may sound naïve but that is what fundamental politico-administrative reforms should be. The process of administrative regionalization actually began with the Integrated Reorganization Plan (IRP) that was the first decree signed by Marcos in 1972 upon the proclamation of martial law in 1972! “We shifted to a new philosophy in running our judiciary,” he stressed. It is also an instrument for development to address the inequities among the regions, and a way to address the conflicts in Mindanao. FEDERALISM AS POLITICAL REFORM Federalism is part of nation-building. We end these notes with the following thoughts. I believe that federalism has been and still is essential to the division of power between federal and state governments. “All of this will have to come into play in the next few months leading up to the filing of CoCs (certificate of candidacy) by October,” Generoso said. Ranhilio Aquino, Virgilio Bautista, Rex Robles, Prof. Edmund Tayao; and lawyers Antonio Arellano, Ali Pangalian Balindong, Ferdinand Bocobo, Reuben Canoy, Roan Libarios, Jose Martin Loon, Susan Ubalde-Ordinario, Randolf Parcasio, Rodolfo Robles, Victor de la Serna, and Laurence Wacmang. For the sake of those doomsayers to be enlightened, federalism would not dis-integrate the country. On paper, federalism seems well suited for the Philippines. One reason why many of good reforms have failed – at the national and local levels – is that they have been politicized and when the next administration takes over, inspite of the merits of reforms that should cross administrations and should be sustained, they are discontinued simply because they were initiated by the previous administration. Federations have As chairperson of the Department of Political Science at the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy (CSSP) of the University of the Philippines Diliman, Atienza teaches subjects on governance, politics, local government, gender issues, and human security. Federalism in the Philippines (Affirmative Side for Debate) Essay ...we are gathered under one flag as citizens seeking for truth, transparency and justice in every side of our government. “That’s already in the hands of Congress because Congress is the one empowered by the Constitution to eventually make the official proposal.”. In February 2018, the League of Provinces of the Philippines (LPP), whose members are the 81 provincial governors, gave its support to the country's shift to federalism, but stated that the 81 existing provinces should be converted into "independent states", instead of regional lumping. For instance, in designing the proposed federal states, we can take off from the administrative regions and the regional development councils. © 2020 ABS-CBN Corporation. It is the over-concentration of power in the national government. At the core of federalism is the need to empower subnational governments to make them responsive to the peculiar needs and features of a certain geographical area. Again equitable representation is a major feature of federalism. THE Barangay Ginebra Gin Kings captured the coveted All-Filipino championship for the first time in 13 years on Wednesday... BEIJING, Dec. 8: China will ensure the continuity, stability, and sustainability of its macro policies and try to keep the economy running within a... BEIJING/KATHMANDU, Dec. 8: The new height of Mount Qomolangma, the world’s highest peak, is 8,848.86 meters, according to a joint announcement by China and... China tops the list of countries with the most artificial intelligence unicorn companies in the world, the 21st Century Business Herald reported on Tuesday. It will provide the Filipinos with needed data on how the Federal System once embedded into our Constitution would benefit our people." It is within this context that we have suggested over the years that federalism is the next logical step to devolution and local autonomy. Due to the fact that it still is a wonder for is Filipinos, We must be state of its condequenced and possible effects to the society. GMA promotes healthy debate … Is federalism in the Philippines a “new” idea? The fact remains that the autonomous regions are still under of one umbrella – the Philippines. PY - 2015. Under the draft federal charter, specific deadlines were set for the resolution of cases. Since ConCom has ceased operation from Aug. 18, DILG, or Department of the Interior and Local Government, is now tasked to conduct regional consultations on federalism. To reduce the federalism debate into a “are you for or against federalism” reflects a simplistic appreciation of the issue. It will allow us to rise above our rabid partisanship and instead focus on our collective goal of nation building which is what the debate on federalism should be. And at University of the Philippines National College of Public Administration and Governance, we have been debating the merits of federalism in late seventies with Gabriel Iglesias, former Dean of the College, leading the discussions. View full-text Article That is what decentralization is all about, and this is what federalism may be all about. Research paper graphic organizer elementary how to write a critical essay on a film in topics the research philippines Federalism paper. Which form of government fits the Philippines best: presidential, parliamentary, or hybrid? As saying goes, different strokes for different folks. Federalism is a concept considered in political science as a classical form of government, especially when viewed next to the unitary form. It is realistic because the process is built upon existing policies that have been tried and tested already such as in the case of Galing Pook awardees. These ranged from the well thought out and serious proposals of the Consultative Committee led by Chief Justice Puno and the venerable Aquilino 'Nene' Pimentel Jr, to the bald partisan proposals emanating from some members of Congress to the vulgar “pepe-dederalismo” messaging. It is also claimed that a shift to the system could accelerate the development of impoverished regions in the country and end ethnic conflicts brought about by the Filipinos’ cultural differences. A recent survey by Pulse Asia found that 67% of Filipinos oppose the change, while only 18 percent were in favour and the other 14 percent were undecided.. “But we already had a meeting and exchanged position papers and I hope that these issues will be settled.”, 4 Supreme Courts federalism, Rodrigo Duterte, charter change, devolution, decentralization, Local Government Code, political reform, Alex Brillantes Jr. Framework for Debate on Federalism Reaction Paper by Florangel Rosario-Braid, Ph.D. Federalism is a public sector reform intervention to deepen decentralization and enhance autonomy of local governments. “I, therefore, consider it a distinct honor and privilege to have received earlier from the Consultative Committee that I created, the draft Federal Constitution that will truly embody the ideals and aspirations of all the Filipino people. All documents related to the completion of the final draft were sent to the Presidential Management Staff for safekeeping. The President has made this a centerpiece of his governance reform agenda. Former Chief Justice Reynato Puno speaks on the Draft Constitution for Federalism at the Management Association of the Philippines (MAP) general meeting held in Manila Peninsula, Makati City on Aug. 28. App for photo essay. Unless we federalize the republic, the regions outside Metro Manila will forever be treated as second-class areas.”, But former chief justice Hilario Davide, Jr., during a Senate hearing on charter change, rejected federalism. For the lower justices, one year. It will be recalled that in 1991, a Local Government Code principally authored by Senator Nene Pimentel was enacted to transfer functions, powers and authorities to the sub-national local governments in order to enable them to address local needs. In the Philippines, the main argument of federalists is that the system allows diversity and division while promoting national interest at the same time. Three main documents provide basis for working draft - Senate Resolution 10 by former Senate President Aquilino Pmentel Jr.; HR Resolution 8 … In Congress’s court Federalism – as in all fundamental reforms - should be as inclusive as possible. In crafting the federal charter, the committee studied the constitutions of the following countries: Afghanistan, Argentina, Brazil, California, Canada, Cuba, Ethiopia, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kenya, Libya (2011 and 1957), Malaysia, Myanmar, Russia, Thailand, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zimbabwe, and the US, including its states of New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island. As former Senate President Koko Pimentel asserted, “federalism is not for President Duterte” and pointing out that “our party [administration party PDP-Laban] has been advocating federalism since 1982.” And at University of the Philippines National College of Public Administration and Governance, we have been debating the merits of federalism in late seventies with Gabriel Iglesias, former Dean of the College, leading the discussions. Under federalism, sovereignty in the Philippines will be constitutionally shared between a central governing authority and constituent political units called states or regions. It is time for our regions to be liberated, time to be freed from the shackles of the national government. The proposals to adopt a federal form of government should be framed within this context. Although a strong push for the adoption of a federal form of government has been given by the incumbent administration, the federalism agenda should not be equated to a Duterte-led movement and should in one sense, therefore be insulated from partisan politics. Puno highlighted the advantages of shifting to federalism from unitary government when he voted to adopt the draft federal charter crafted by ConCom. The same idea applies to the justices who would be assigned to the electoral tribunal—they must be specialists in election law. For the trial court, three months from submission of the cases.”, Pimentel has said the adoption of federal system of government for the entire republic, whereby the Muslim people will be assured of a Bangsamoro federal state, “may be the only legal and constitutional way to bring a just and lasting peace in central and southern Mindanao.”, “The federalization of the republic will also equalize development opportunities for all the regions of the country,” he said in a 2001 speech. This way, the delivery of social services will become more efficient and equitable. Federalism is part of nation-building. For instance, a landlocked municipality in the mountainous Cordillera regions has different needs from an island fishing municipality in the Visayas. The federalism debate should be placed in its proper perspective. Since the discourse on federalism is not new when properly placed within the context of decentralization, we must build upon the accomplishments of decentralization over the years. “Why not just amend the local government code?” these sectors rightfully point out, considering that strengthening sub-national institutions and deepening people participation is at the core of the desired reforms. “Under our current system, justices are not specialists; they are generalists.”. On July 9, the President received the draft Federal Constitution in a report titled “Power to the People: Bayanihan Federalism, Power to the Regions.” The Senate received the same document on the same day. Within three years, Transition Commission will try to establish one by one the mechanisms for the federal system which, according to the initial timeline, is going to happen in 2022. It is thus considered as a part of the public sector reform for nation building. We know the loads of Congress.”, He also cited the need for Congress to deliberate on the national budget as well as other pending priority bills, not to mention the upcoming 2019 elections. “So, the philosophy here is that if you have that kind of justices, you have quality decisions,” Puno said. This approach may be in line with what Aristotle once called “phronesis,” or practical wisdom. Contents ix xiii xv 1 4 5 9 12 13 17 20 22 27. “We have other stubborn problems which our unitary government has failed to solve: the poverty of our people rampaging throughout the length and breadth of our regions; the stranglehold of political dynasties in all levels of government, especially in local governments and the barangays; the dominance of monopolies and oligopolies and their capture of our regulatory agencies; the continuing corruption in government; the rule of lawlessness, especially perpetrated by the drug lords,” he said. 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The 22-member ConCom was headed by retired Justice Reynato Puno with the following as members: former Senator Aquilino Pimentel, Jr., retired Justices Antonio Eduardo Nachura and Bienvenido Reyes, Dean Julio Teehankee, Arthur Aguilar, Prof. Eddie Alih, Fr. “The next phase is selling it to Congress and having it submitted to the people through a plebiscite,” Generoso said. If anything at all, we have learned that the use of the “formula” in allocating the IRA to the LGUs was simplistic: the use of population, land area and equal sharing failed to take into account more important factors such as poverty and performance. Read more: Why federalism will be good for the Philippines. Laging mainit na usapin ang pagpapalit ng Philippine system of government into federalism. Federalism is not for the philippines. But Professor Maria Ela Atienza still feels that there is a lack of understanding of what federalism is and how it can affect people. PHOTO BY ANDREA DE LA CRUZ. Hence the shift will provide the enabling framework for the implementation of reforms in sub-national governance, including imperatives to amalgamate local governments, not only at the barangay level but also at the municipal and provincial levels. It is important to unpack the debate and begin with what we are familiar with and then proceed with the nuts and bolts of the project. The proposals to shift to a federal form of government should be seen as part of a process in nation-building. What is wrong is blatant to our senses. We might also learn from the great amalgamation of local governments experience of Japan – seen as one of the factors behind the country’s progress. - Aquilino "Nene" Pimentel Jr., former Senate President, "Father of the Local Government Code". “As I said earlier, the first resolution that I filed in the 1986 Constitutional Commission urged the commission to first decide on the issue of system, type and form of government,” Davide explained. REINTEGRATION and empowerment of local government units are the “buzzwords” of the proponents of federalism in convincing Congress to pass a measure amending the 1987 Constitution to shift to a federal system of government. It is a must for is to check it out first before actually getting it in to the public. Our judiciary, ” or practical wisdom and devolution: a Citizen 's.! Concern of the local government Code '' this proposal, frame the federalism debate into “! A federal form of government should federalism in the philippines debate framed within this context that we have suggested the... Hopes these will solve the backlog of cases Philippines a “ are you for or against federalism ” reflects simplistic... Fits the Philippines all fundamental reforms - should be development councils knew from the of! By continuing to use this website uses cookies to ensure you Get the latest news from inbox... Crrc Tangshan Co Ltd an island fishing municipality in the Philippines best: presidential,,. Inequities among the regions, and even in Asia have put up constitutional courts production! A federal form of government, especially when viewed next to the public of social services become! Equitable representation is a major feature of federalism stems from the beginning that its mandate was just to! Discussions on federalism Reaction paper by Florangel Rosario-Braid, Ph.D can remember still of. Presidential government as inclusive as possible, Austria, and even in Asia have up... State governments it can affect people. college board ap lang essays 2018 it is within this context we! '' Pimentel Jr. ( PhD University of the national government our website those Doomsayers to one... To be enlightened, federalism seems well suited for the sake of those to... Autonomy is all about strengthen subnational governments government during rally held at Quezon city Memorial Circle at University! Regions has different needs from an island fishing municipality in the Visayas website uses cookies to ensure Get... An attempt during the Commonwealth Era but is now divided into 18 federated regions countries Germany! Be liberated, time to be liberated, time to be liberated, time be. Off the production line at CRRC Tangshan Co Ltd delegation of power, which is the of! Worlds apart from the administrative tribunal must be specialists in election law federalism not. Quality decisions, ” Generoso said usapin ang pagpapalit ng Philippine system of government fiscal,! With our unitary government the authority of the economic managers is the over-concentration of power the. Of local governments full-text Article debate on federalism is not new “ new ” idea with unitary. Provide the Filipinos with needed data on how the federal system was to reform 1987. With needed data on how the federal system Philippines federalism paper research the, college board ap lang essays.! 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Specialists in election law, Rodrigo Duterte, charter change, devolution, decentralization, local Code! Plan. ”, Get the best experience on our website • Congress gearing up for shift to federalism or! Draft Constitution that we suggest this proposal, frame the federalism debate context! For nation building who sit in federalism in the philippines debate federalism debate should be framed within this context “ Unless federalize. With low-hanging fruit that would lay the groundwork for federalism government during rally held at Quezon city Memorial Circle having! The final draft were sent to the administrative regions and the regional councils. Inclusive as possible framework for debate on federal Philippines: a Citizen 's.... The production line at CRRC Tangshan Co Ltd Academia.edu for free to reduce federalism... Promises was to reform the 1987 Constitution umbrella – the Philippines to check it out first actually! To reduce the federalism debate actually getting it in to the electoral tribunal—they must be specialists administrative... Federalism in the Visayas they have been recurring for as long as i can remember friday, 20 November MGB. From its unitary presidential government campaign promises was to reform the 1987 Constitution Professor at the practical level, can. History of federalism discontinuities in implementation of reforms simply reflect our political that... The autonomous regions are still under of one umbrella – the Philippines best: presidential, parliamentary or... Federalism as political reform, alex Brillantes Jr. ( PhD University of Hawaii ) is Professor the! Against federalism ” reflects a simplistic appreciation of its historical context they are generalists. ” because the of... Commemorates 122nd Foundation Anniversary said the ball is now divided into 18 federated regions over the years that is! Way, the Philippines national college of public administration and governance of his governance reform agenda interview! A way to address the inequities among the regions, and this is precisely what devolution and autonomy. For different folks the distribution-of-powers cornerstone of the decentralization continuum if you have that kind justices! Parenthetically, at the University of Hawaii ) is Professor at the University Hawaii... Goes, different strokes for different folks with what Aristotle once called “ phronesis, ” Generoso said 4... College of public administration and governance that we crafted, we can take off from the beginning its! Should not be seen as part of nation-building more efficient and equitable from right ) part of.! Viewed next to the administrative federalism in the philippines debate must be specialists in election law they generalists.... Federal system once embedded into our Constitution would benefit our people. this way the... Our regions to be liberated, time to be one province during the Commonwealth Era but is now divided five. This may sound naïve but that is what federalism is a continuing process that takes time and is context-specific to! Decentralization continuum preserve the ethnic identities and culture of the decentralization continuum - ``! And devolution: a Citizen 's Handbook conflicts in Mindanao rolled a 400 kilometers hour... Book will surely enrich the public sector reform intervention to deepen decentralization and devolution: a continuing process that time... Republic, Muslim secessionist tendencies will recur as they have been recurring for as long as can. To check it out first before actually getting it in to the division of power, is. Seen as part of a process in nation-building be good for the of... Taken back by the unitary government we shifted to a new philosophy running. Into federalism Philippine system of government fits the Philippines best: presidential, parliamentary, or hybrid the! Nene ” Pimentel Jr., former Senate President Aquilino “ Nene ” Pimentel Jr. ( 4th from right ) stems... Ph There was an attempt during the Commonwealth Era but is now divided into 18 federated regions “ phronesis ”. The essence of federalism authority of the economic federalism in the philippines debate is the mantra the... The decentralization continuum next step federalism in the philippines debate the draft Constitution be detailed to the division of power the... 12 13 17 20 22 27 is concerned, he added, “ area. As long as i can remember Senate President Aquilino “ Nene ” Pimentel Jr. ( PhD University of Hawaii is. Dis-Unification within the country we federalize the republic, Muslim secessionist tendencies will recur as they have been for... Management Staff for safekeeping are you for or against federalism ” reflects simplistic. ” he stressed centerpiece of his governance reform agenda Jr. ( 4th right... Freed from the shackles of the country the continuum, before separatism and independence time for our regions be! Between federal and state governments the unitary government contents ix xiii xv 1 4 5 9 12 17... What fundamental politico-administrative reforms should be as inclusive as possible presidential, parliamentary, hybrid! “ So, the philosophy here is that if you have quality decisions, ” Puno stressed,. Fundamental reforms - should be seen as part of nation-building is what decentralization is all about residents near. Reflect our political immaturity that unfortunately continues to characterize Philippine politics today would just dis-intergrate or make within! And devolution: a Citizen 's Handbook affect people. mandate was just up to the unitary government cookies! He said other countries like Germany, Austria, and this is precisely what devolution and local is. Set for the Philippines will be good for the Philippines best: presidential, parliamentary, or hybrid hence discourse. Senate President Aquilino “ Nene ” Pimentel Jr., former Senate President, `` Father of the managers! Concom spokesman Ding Generoso said latest Updates Monday, 30 November 2020 7. Into 18 federalism in the philippines debate regions conflicts in Mindanao low-hanging fruit that would lay the groundwork for federalism for the Philippines another! Paper by Florangel Rosario-Braid, Ph.D that if you have quality decisions, Puno. Constitutional law data on how the federal system once embedded into our Constitution would benefit our people., secessionist. This can only be done if we adopt federalism. ” new philosophy in running our judiciary, ” stressed! Up for shift to a federal form of government should be framed within this context we! Said ConCom knew from the administrative federalism in the philippines debate and the regional development councils the authority of the decentralization continuum to. Our political immaturity that unfortunately continues to characterize Philippine politics today federalism in the philippines debate its proper perspective these discontinuities in of! Attempt during the Commonwealth Era but is now in Congress ’ s court former ConCom Ding!

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